Acupressure the word comes from Latin word Acus which means “needle” and Pressure. The pressure like needle applied on body for correcting body ailment is Acupressure. In acupressure the technique is to apply pressure and in similar technique when there is needle is punctured in to body is called Acupuncture.
About 5,000 years ago it is believed that the technique came from china mainly for body relieved pain by putting pressure on certain points on the body where it occurred and also benefited other parts of the body more remote from the pain and the pressure point. Gradually, they found other locations that not only alleviated pain but also influenced the functioning of certain internal organs. Traditionally there are 20 meridians as believed. The meridians are road map that connects the acupressure points to each other as well as to the internal organs. This is just like blood vessels which carry the blood that nourishes the body physically, meridians are supposed to be distinct channels that circulate electrical energy throughout the body. One can consider them as master communications system of universal life energy or life force, connecting the body organs with all sensory, physiological, and emotional aspects of the body. However, in acupressure and acupuncture, most work centers around 14 meridians: the 12 regular meridians
The acupressure treatment the concept is to flow of life energy through “meridians” in the body. In treatment, physical pressure is applied in various ways to the various pressure points also called as acupuncture points with the aim of clearing blockages in these meridians. Pressure may be applied by hand, by thumb, by elbow, or with various acupressure devices like acupressure ball, pen or pyramid mat .
Some research has also suggested that acupressure may be very effective at helping mainly for nausea and vomiting, and for muscular and skeletal pain, tension headaches, stomach ache and should be treated as alternative medicines.
Although there is no use or prescription of any medicine or drugs hence is never treated as main stream treatment like other traditional treatment.
There are two ways you can put pressure, one is to directly press at the point of pain that is called Local pressure point and another is pressing at meridian.
While pressing one can use thumb or any external equipment something 3 to 4 mm thick , like a (preferably used) pencil eraser that’s on the other side of a pencil or a thin wooden stick generally available in acupressure store, even some time fingernail are also used for some point.
The duration can be constant pressure on an area like a clock wise and anti clock wise or with a short duration like a half a second but for atleast half a minute or may be longer say one or two minute. For better impact one should press a point on both sides of the body. If someone is pressing frequently at a same point then the impact will be less noticeable hence one should avoid over do or same point frequently.
There are so many acupressure points on the body infact too many but here are major commonly used points by acupuncturists
Large intestine 4 (LI4)
This is very major point and is between the thumb and index finger.
Location -To locate it, squeeze the thumb against the base of the index finger. The point is located at the highest point of the muscle when thumb and index fingers are held together. One should press it for 30 seconds to induce calmness and for a health-inducing digestive detox. This can be used while suffering from headaches and constipation and general pain and delayed labor. A precaution for this point is that He Gu (LI4) may induce labor, hence never used in pregnancy.
Stomach 36 (ST 36)
Stomach 36 point is stomach channel and improves digestive disorders including diarrhea, indigestion, , constipation, abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, gas, vomiting, dysentery, epilepsy; dizziness, paralysis due to wind strike, water swelling; aching knee and tibia. etc. Plus, it boosts the immune system, fights fatigue, strengthens the body and promotes general wellness.
Location– Bend your leg and place your fingers just below the knee cap, beginning with the index finger at the base of the knee cap. You will find the point at four finger-widths down from the base of the knee cap.
Bladder 28 (B28)
Location: This point is located at two chon apart on both sides of the spine, in level with the fifth lumbar vertebrae. This point is also called as Bladder Shu and it is useful for alleviating sacral back and hip pain and sciatica, Difficult urination, dark urination with unsmooth flow, swelling and pain of the external genitals, genital ulceration , retention of urine This point also aids in treating digestive disorders like constipation and diarrhea, constipation, abdominal fullness leg pain and stiffness in the lower back region like lower spine and buttock
Liver 3 (LR-3):
Located on the top of your foot up from the space between your big toe and next toe exactly above the place where the skin of your big toe and the next toe join . The pressure is used commonly for stress, lower back pain, menstrual cramps, high blood pressure, insomnia, anxiety and limb pain.One should use deep, firm pressure to massage and stimulate the area for 4-5 seconds.
Its additional ancient Chinese text also include indications for the digestive issues, eye problems, genital pain, headaches, canker sores, and irritability.
Spleen 6 (SP-6):
Spleen 6 is used for the treatment of all symptoms related to digestion, menstruation, and menopause.it also helps in, pain in the penis , hernia, premature ejaculation ,dysmenorrhea, , amenorrhea, mass and gathering in the abdomen, prolapse of uterus, dystocia, postpartum faintness, diseases of the skin, Insomnia, headache, dizziness, bilateral hypochondriac pain
Location : This is about three finger widths above your inner anklebone.
Acupressure basic technique is a part of 200 hour Yoga TTC program at http://www.yogateacherstrainingcourses.com/200-hours-scholarship-program/